Ancient and precious vines
Campania Region is characterised by the presence of historical and varietal vineyards besides a wide range of environments destined to the vine cultivation, each one with specific peculiarities.
Among them it is possible to distinguish a costal nucleus, a volcanic nucleus and one tied to the inner lands. Inside these lands, as in the case of Irpinia, defined by frigid and rainy winters and clayey soil, formerly subjected to the volcanic activity, “Campania’s vine” governed tasteful wines.
Among the well-known vines, Greco (the ancient Aminea Gemina, Greco di Tufo predecessor), Fiano (identified with the ancient Apiane grapes, Fiano di Avellino predecessor), both DOCG, and Falanghina DOC stand out. Nonetheless, Aglianico can be identified as the real dominus of Campania’s vine, a very old vine varietal which gave the birth to excellent quality wines, as in the case of Taurasi DOCG.
The vine committed to Taurasi
Greco di Tufo
Fiano is an ancient Campania’s vine, called by the Latin Vitis Apiana because of the sweetness of its grapes, able to attract the bees. Its ampelographic matrix leads back to the Hellenic varieties of Magna Grecia period. This wine was appreciated by Roman Consuls end Emperors and it continues to enjoy the fame of being one of the best Italian white wines, thanks to its structure and its extraordinary finesse.
The most widespread black berry vine in Campania is Aglianico, whose name seems to derive from the city of Elea or as a decomposition of the term “Hellenic”. The origin of this wine and the same name date back to the Magna Grecia settlements in southern Italy, around the VII-VI century B.C. It is easily adaptable to different lands, although it manifests its best growth on volcanic hilly soils, clayey and calcareous. Production is mainly concentrated in southern Italy, exactly in Basilicata, Puglia, Campania and Molise regions.